可以彌補的就別讓它遺憾「外耳整形手術」-部落格-FG醫美-FashionGuide華人第一女性時尚美妝傳媒
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可以彌補的就別讓它遺憾「外耳整形手術」







外耳整形手術又叫Otoplasty,



被使用在矯正、重塑型或重建耳部的不同部位。



雖然此步驟最常使用在外觀的瑕疵,



但現在此術式也常常用於矯正先天性發展異常,



能使自己覺得外觀合適幫助建立自信。



外耳整形手術被使用描述於一系列不同執行在耳部的整形術式,



比較常見的是從耳部用釘子固定住外突的耳部,



以便修整被耳飾撕裂傷口的微整形,



當然,也常用於全耳重建。





▏最常見的手術式矯正外凸



耳廓有美化臉部的效果,凸耳( 約占歐洲人民的5%)被認為不具吸引力,耳朵不對稱則更為嚴重。外凸耳最常由兩種原因造成,缺乏耳軟骨皺折會形成耳朵小曲線或耳殼的內脊,造成耳朵前傾或杯狀耳。耳突過度整形通常手術時機在4-5歲或者成年後施行。原因在於此時耳部已發育完全。除先天因素,從醫學美學的角度講,健康卻又有外凸耳或不對稱耳是此手術最好的對象。此術式可在門診執行,不需住院,麻醉與術式因人而異。





▏何為外凸耳



對尖凸型耳,可於耳後切一小切痕將耳朵皺縮,用不吸收線固定於耳後骨頭上,來創造所需要的耳行,此術名叫作耳固定。





▏如何進行耳垂修復



當耳垂因外傷或刺傷造成撕裂,可以接受重建或修復手術。整型外科醫師可從事此項手術,通常在門診局部麻醉下即可執行,端視撕裂的嚴重程度而定。通常外科醫師都可以簡單的將撕裂的破洞補起來,患者通常能在術後六個月內重新穿洞。假設破壞太大,則需要重建,包括做一耳垂覆蓋組織重塑耳垂形狀。此術式通常於術後7-10天恢復。施行此術式後患者需帶幾天大的頭套。我們建議帶重的頭帶,此頭套有助於防止耳皺縮。大部分患者會經歷退色、腫、痛、麻、紅,不過7-10 天後就會消失。出現不舒服症狀可以吃藥改善,一周後可輕微活動,2周後可增加強度。











原文 ▼





▏ear surgery



Ear surgery, or otoplasty, is used to correct, reshape, or reconstruct different parts of the ear. Although this procedure is most often used to correct cosmetic imperfections, it is also performed to correct developmental abnormalities from birth. Ear surgery can help build your self-confidence as you feel more comfortable with your appearance.





The term otoplasty is used to describe a variety of plastic surgeries performed on the ears. Procedures in this category can range from ear pinning to address protruding ears, to the minor correction of a torn ear lobe caused by earrings/gauges, to total reconstruction of the ear.





The most common reason patients seek otoplasty is to correct protuberant ears, or ears that stick out too far. Protuberant ears are most commonly caused by one of two things: the absence of an ear-cartilage fold (the small curved, inner ridge of the ear), which causes the ear to flop forward; or a cup-like cartilage bowl near the ear canal that causes the ear to project out excessively.





Otoplasty may be performed on children as young as four or five years of age who have full ear development, or adults. A healthy individual with protruding or asymmetric ears is a good candidate for this procedure. Otoplasty is performed as an outpatient procedure. The type of anesthesia and the actual procedure differs depending on what is being corrected.





▏protuberant ears



To correct ears that stick out from the head, a small incision is made in the crease behind the ear, and the ear is folded back and set closer to the skull. Permanent sutures are then placed to create the desired appearance. This is often referred to as “ear pinning.”





▏earlobe repair



When an earlobe is torn from piercing, gauging, or trauma, the earlobe can be reconstructed or repaired. Our board certified plastic surgeons are experts in these surgeries, which can often be performed in our office under local anesthesia.





Depending on the severity of the tear, the surgeon may be able to simply surgically close the hole. Patients are usually able to re-pierce the ears six months after this procedure. This surgery is often done under local anesthesia if the damage isn’t too severe.





If the earlobe is severely damaged, other measures may be taken to reconstruct the earlobe. Patients who have “gauged” ear lobes often require more extensive reconstruction. This may include flaps of earlobe tissue that is rearranged to reconstruct the earlobe.





▏recovery



Recovery following otoplasty typically takes seven to 10 days. The day of surgery, patients will wear a bulky head dressing. This will be replaced with a lighter headband, which patients will wear for the next several days. We recommend wearing a thick headband to bed for one to two months after undergoing otoplasty. This will help to avoid folding of the ear.





Most patients experience discoloration and bruising, aching or throbbing, numbness, swelling, and/or redness, but this usually goes away after seven to 10 days. Pain or discomfort can be managed by medication.





Light exercise can resume after one week, and more strenuous activity after about two weeks.











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